Programming Languages And Its Types
In this blog we will be discussing about:-
- What is a prograaming language and its purpose
- Different Types of Programming Languages
- Popular Programming Languages
Before understanding what are coding languages, let us understand what is language and its purpose. Language is something that we use to communicate. There are a lot of languages in the world. People in different places use different languages to communicate with each other. Similarly, coding languages are something that is used to create, solve and give instructions in the form of code for different purposes. Coding languages are used for programming. It is used by programmers to communicate with computers. A programming language can also be said as a set of instructions written in a specific language to perform a specific task. There are different types of coding languages. Languages can be classified into two types, imperative and declarative. Imperative means the language is written in a form that has syntax and semantics. Syntax refers to the rules and instructions to write that particular language. An example of Imperative language is the C programming language. Descriptive means the language is designed in the form in which it is made to achieve that particular result and not how to obtain it. An example of a descriptive programming language is Perl. The above mentioned are the types in which programming languages are created. There are thousands of programming languages in the world in it is growing every year. Every programming language has its own purpose and applications. Not all languages are perfect to do every application. Let us have a look at some of the programming languages, their applications, and their advantages and disadvantages.
Different Types of Coding Languages
1. Low-Level Programming Language
Low-Level language is a machine-level language that is basically 0s and 1s. By Machine Language it simply means that a language that is understood by the machine. For instance, the language that you speak at your home is the language that you understand the most and that is the language you can process easily without any external help. That is exactly what is meant by machine-level language. In this case, the processor runs the low-level programs easily and directly without any external help such as a compiler or an interpreter. This signifies that the programs written in low-level languages can be processed and run very fast. Even low-level languages are further divided into groups:-
- Machine Language
This is a type of Low-Level programming language which is also called machine code or object code. Machine Language is easier to read because it is basically displayed in binary or hexadecimal form. It doesn’t require a translator to convert the programs because it is in the form where the computer can understand the language directly.
- Assembly Language
Assembly Language (ASM) is also a type of Low-Level Programming Language that is made for some specific processors. It is designed in a form that is understandable by both machines and humans. Therefore it uses an Assembler to convert the Assembly Language to Machine Language. One of the main advantages of Assembly Language is that it needs less memory and execution time to execute a program.
2. High-Level Programming Language
- Procedural Oriented Programming Language
In Procedural Oriented Programming (POP) language, everything is divided into small procedures called functions or routines. Procedural Programming Language is derived from Structured Programming and is purely based on the concept. It is a type of computer programming language that defines a set of well-structured steps and procedures to develop a program within its context. It is executed in a specific order in order to execute a computational task. This language is used by a software programmer for creating programs that can be made possible using a code editor like Microsoft Visual Studio Code, Adobe Dreamweaver, Atom, etc. One of the main advantages of Procedural Oriented Programming Language is that the program flow can be easily tracked by the programmers and also the code can be reused in different parts of the program. Some of the examples of Procedural Oriented Programming Languages are C, FORTRAN, Pascal, etc.
- Object-Oriented Programming Language (OOP)
Object-Oriented Programming Language is a high-level programming language that is purely based on the concept of objects. The program is divided into small parts known as objects. Object-Oriented Programming mimics a lot of Real-world characteristics. It is basically used to carry out real-world systems like inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, etc which makes the program much more reusable, efficient, and easy to use. One of the main advantages of Object-Oriented Programming Language is that it is faster, easy to maintain as well as debug. Examples of Object-Oriented Programming Languages are C++, Java, Python, C#, etc.
- Natural Language
Human languages such as English, Russian, German, and Japanese involve natural language. Machines use it to comprehend, manipulate, and interpret human language. Developers use it to do tasks like translation, automated summarization, Named Entity Recognition (NER), relationship extraction, and topic segmentation, among others. Natural language's main benefit is that it allows users to ask questions about any subject and receive a direct response in seconds.
MOST POPULAR AND COMMONLY USED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Python is one of the advanced and widely used programming languages these days. Learning Python is not at all difficult. Python is easy to learn. It is a very user-friendly programming language. It is mainly used in Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, etc. It was developed in the late 1990s. Python has a vast collection of libraries. It is so simple to use. Python codes are always highly understandable and they are readable. Python was designed with a philosophy that simple is better than complex, beautiful is better than ugly and it goes on. Syntax in Python is also simple when compared to other languages. Python is like English without grammar. Grammar in English makes English a bit more difficult to learn and understand whereas without it English is much more simple but without discipline. The same case goes for python. The simplicity is the factor that makes python so user-friendly.
Advantages of Python:-
- Python is platform-independent, which means that you can write the code once and run it anywhere.
- It works with C, C++, and Java, among other programming languages.
- Python is easy to read, easy to write, and moreover easy to understand.
- Unlike some other languages, Python is executed line by line which implies programmers can find the error easily that has occurred in the code.
Disadvantages of Python
- Python is not memory efficient.
- It is slow. Slower than other languages like C, C++, etc because it works with interpreters.
- Python is not suitable for making mobile applications and games.
As a one-liner, we could say that Java is a programming language that is simple, safe, and powerful all at the same time. It is also a platform-independent programming language which signifies that you can write the code once and run it anywhere. Java is one of the most reliable languages nowadays. Java is also a robust, object-oriented, and secure language. Java is also a high-level, class-based language. The syntax of Java is somewhat similar to C and C++ but not that complex though. It was developed in 1995 by Sun Microsystems which is basically now a subsidiary of Oracle. Java is mainly used to develop mobile, web and desktop, bank, retail, community applications. According to GitHub in 2019, it was the most popular language in use. Even today Java is still in great use. Java is basically not that hard also, not that easy to learn. In the perspective of learning difficulty, it is an intermediate language. Due to Java’s robustness, ease of use, secure features, and platform independence it has become the language of choice of worldwide internet solutions.
Advantages of Java
- Java is platform Independent
- Java is Object Oriented which allows you to make modular programs and reusable code.
- Java is able to perform multiple tasks.
- Moreover, Java is almost easy to learn.
Disadvantages of Java
- Java is not memory efficient. It consumes a lot of memory.
- Java doesn’t provide backup facilities.
- Java doesn’t provide support for low-level languages
- Java is slower than C and C++.
C is a programming language that is very powerful and a language that supports structured programming. It is a simple and general-purpose programming language. This language has a steep learning curve. This language might be a bit difficult to learn especially if you are starting your coding journey with C. But C is also a language that helps you learn the fundamentals of programming. It is an imperative programming language. C is also one of the oldest languages. It is a procedural programming language which means the program is executed step by step which means it executes the program by executing line by line of code. C is a combination of both low-level and high-level programming languages. C is not widely used today but yes, it is still in the play. It is used to design applications like text editors, compilers, network devices, etc.
Advantages of C
- C is a portable language
- It is fast and efficient
- Procedure Oriented Language
- Used to perform complex operations and calculations such as MATLAB.
- Fast Compilation
Disadvantages of C
- Inefficient memory management
- Lack of Object Orientation
- Lack of constructors and destructors
C++ is a cross-platform language. It is an extension of the C Programming Language. C++ has evolved over time and the modern C++ has Object Oriented, generic, and other functional features. C++ is also standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). C++ is a versatile programming language that may be used for a variety of tasks. It's used to make operating systems, browsers, and games, among other things. C++ supports a variety of programming styles, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming. As a result, C++ is both strong and adaptable. C++ was created with a focus on system programming, embedded, resource-constrained software, and big systems in mind, with performance, efficiency, and flexibility of usage as design goals.
Advantages of C++
- C++ is more compatible with C language
- Object-Oriented Programming Language
- Fast and Powerful
- Similar to other languages like C and java which makes it easier to learn
- Imperative Programming Language
Disadvantages of C++
- Doesn’t support garbage collection
- Difficult to debug
- Less Flexible
- Lack of algebraic data types
C# is also a general-purpose programming language. C3 is pronounced as C Sharp. It is also an object-oriented programming language used with XML. It was developed by Microsoft as part of the.NET programme, coordinated by Anders Hejlsberg and his team, and was authorized by the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA) and the International Standards Organization (ISO) (ISO). C# is one of the languages that may be used with the Common Language Infrastructure. C# is grammatically similar to Java and is simple for users who are familiar with C, C++, or Java.
Advantages of C#
- C# is a cross-platform programming language
- C# is an easy to develop programming language which has rich libraries.
- It includes a strong memory backup facility.
- Maintenance is lower than C++ programming language
- C# is type-safe
Disadvantages of C#
- C# is a less flexible Programming Language as it is based on Microsoft’s .NET Framework.
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